Selasa, 03 November 2009

Tugas Artikel IF CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

IF CONDITIONAL SENTENCES

Here are 3 kinds of conditional sentence :

True in the Present / Future Time

Untrue in the Present / Future Time

Untrue in the Past Time

1. True in The Present / Future Time

If Simple Present, will-Future

Example: If I find her address, I will send her an invitation .

The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don't use a comma.

▪ I will send her an invitation if I find her address .

The function is to show / explain plan, advice, and possibility / probability

• If you don't have breakfast, you will be hungry.

• If the magazine is on my table, you can take it.

• If you come early you will not get punish from our headmaster.

Use

Conditional Sentences Type I refer to the future. An action in the future will only happen if a certain condition is fulfilled by that time. We don't know for sure whether the condition actually will be fulfilled or not, but the conditions seems rather realistic – so we think it is likely to happen.

▪ If I find her address, I'll send her an invitation.

I want to send an invitation to a friend. I just have to find her address. I am quite sure, however, that I will find it.

▪ If John has the money, he will buy a Ferrari.

2. Untrue in the Present / Future Time

If Simple Past, main clause with Conditional I (= would Infinitive)

▪ If I found her address, I would send her an invitation .

The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don't use a comma.

In IF Clauses Type II, we usually use ‚were‘ – even if the pronoun is I , he , she or it –.

▪ If I were you, I would not do this .

The function of conditional sentence type two is to explain our imagination.

• If the price of gasoline were only Rp. 1000 I would be very happy.

• What would you do if you found $100.00 on the street.

• If I had a lot of money, I wouldn't stay here.

Use

Conditional Sentences Type II refer to situations in the present. An action could happen if the present situation were different. I don't really expect the situation to change, however. I just imagine „what would happen if …“

I would like to send an invitation to a friend. I have looked everywhere for her address, but I cannot find it. So now I think it is rather unlikely that I will eventually find her address.

▪ If John had the money, he would buy a Ferrari .

I know John very well and I know that he doesn't have much money, but he loves Ferraris. He would like to own a Ferrari (in his dreams). But I think it is very unlikely that he will have the money to buy one in the near future.

3. Untrue In the Past Time

if Past Perfect, main clause with Conditional II

▪ If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation .

The main clause can also be at the beginning of the sentence. In this case, don't use a comma.

▪ I would have sent her an invitation if I had found her address .

Use

Conditional Sentences Type III refer to situations in the past. An action could have happened in the past if a certain condition had been fulfilled. Things were different then, however. We just imagine, what would have happened if the situation had been fulfilled.

▪ If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation .

Sometime in the past, I wanted to send an invitation to a friend. I didn't find her address, however. So in the end I didn't send her an invitation.

▪ If John had had the money, he would have bought a Ferrari .

I knew John very well and I know that he never had much money, but he loved Ferraris. He would have loved to own a Ferrari, but he never had the money to buy one.

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